BLOCKCHAIN, FINTECH AND THE LAW

MARTÍNEZ SIERRA, JOSÉ MANUEL / CETINA PRESUEL, RODRIGO / COLLDEFORNS PAPIOL, ELOI

$ 1,149.00 MXN
$ 1,091.55 MXN
59.38 $
52,18 €
Editorial:
TIRANT LO BLANCH
Año de edición:
2022
ISBN:
978-84-1397-652-5
Páginas:
459
Encuadernación:
Rústica
Colección:
AUTORAL

Disponibilidad:

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$ 1,149.00 MXN
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Introduction

How Blockchains and Smart Contracts have Changed
How we Do Business: Legal Perspectives

I. Introduction
II. Distributed Systems and Blockchain Definition
A. Precursors and Properties of Distributed Systems
1. Consensus Algorithms
2. Classical Consensus Algorithms
3. Bitcoin and Nakamoto Consensus
III. Properties of blockchain systems
A. From Classic Contracts to Smart Contracts
1. Approaching Smart Contracts: Classic Contracts
2. Embedded contracts
3. Smart Contracts
4. Pseudocode to Capture Contracts
B. How Smart Contracts and Blockchain are impacting the Way We Do Business
1. Evolution of governance through blockchain 2. Blockchain-Drive Collaboration
3. Evolution of the middleman
4. Changes and Evolution of Embedded Contracts
5. Blockchain and data and privacy rights
6. Experiences in the Application of Blockchain and Smart Contracting
C. The Boundaries of Smart Contracts and Blockchain
1. Paradoxes around Blockchain Technology
2. The Cost of Rewriting History
3. Turing-Complete Coding Boundaries
4. The Limits of Tokenization of Assets in Certain Jurisdictions or Across Different Countries’ Legislations
5. The Potential of Blockchain for Privacy and Personal Data Protection
IV. Conclusion: The Future of blockchain and smart contracts
References

Crypto-assets, Privacy Coins, and Money Laundering Regulations
Elizabeth Ferrie
I. Introduction
II. AML Legal Landscape
A. International AML/KYC Compliance Regime
B. United States AML/KYC Compliance Regime: Federal Regulatory Agencies
C. Federal Law/Regulations to Combat Money Laundering
D. United States AML/KYC Compliance Regime: State Level
E. European Union AML/KYC Compliance Regime
F. AML/KYC Compliance Regimes of “Lenient” Jurisdictions—Singapore, Hong Kong, etc.
1. Singapore
2. Japan
3. Malta
4. Hong Kong
III. How Non-Crypto AML Compliance Works
IV. How Crypto AML Enforcement Works, As Highlighted by Recent Crackdowns
V. Privacy Coins: New Challenges for AML Compliance
A. The power of the blockchain to facilitate money laundering
B. Cryptocurrencies with Enhanced Anonymity
1. Monero
2. Zcash
3. Dash
4. Grin/Beam on Mimblewimble Protocol
C. Cryptocurrency Exchanges with Enhanced Anonymity
D. Response by Regulators
VI. RegTech Solutions to Promote AML Compliance
A. Legal/Regulatory Recommendations for a Cryptocurrency Future
B. Regulatory Sandboxes
C. Enhanced Liability on Crypto Exchanges
D. Self-Regulatory Organizations
E. Regulated ATS
F. Clearly Defined Frameworks for Specific Crypto Activities
G. Coordination with international consortiums to adopt consistent regulations across borders
VII. Conclusion
References

Market Manipulation in the Age of Machines:
an Analysis of two Trading Strategies
Ignacio Orellana García
I. Introduction
II. Making sense of market manipulation
A. The goals of trade practices regulation
1. Market efficiency
2. Market integrity and fairness
3. Evaluating trading practice regulations
B. The rationale behind market manipulation prohibitions
C. Differentiating legitimate from manipulative practices
1. The subjective approach: requiring proof of manipulative intent
2. The teleological approach: Kyle and Viswanathan’s definition as conduct that undermines both price accuracy and market liquidity
3. The descriptive approach: Ledgerwood and Carpenter’s trigger-nexus-target framework
4. The holistic approach: Fox, Glosten, and Rauterberg’s four question test
5. A three criteria manipulation assessment framework
D. Is market manipulation law outdated?
III. Revaluating high frequency trading strategies under the lens of market manipulation
A. Manipulation through high-speed spoofing?
1. Effects on price accuracy and market liquidity
2. Profitability through a trigger-nexus-target pattern
3. Distinguishing traits
B. Is pinging manipulative?
1. Effects on price accuracy and market liquidity
2. Profitability through a trigger-nexus-target pattern
3. Distinguishing traits
4. The pinging plus factor
IV. Conclusion
Bibliography

Drawing a Line in the Sand(Box): Challenges of
Regulatory Sandboxes for Fintech Companies
Eloi Colldeforns Papiol
I. Introduction
II. What is a regulatory sandbox?
A. Concept
B. Guiding principles of regulatory sandboxes
1. Technology neutrality
2. Proportionality/risk-based approach
3. Market integrity and customer protection
4. Transparency
III. Five key design challenges of regulatory sandboxes
A. Statutory mandate
B. Openness of sandbox and eligibility requirements 1. Innovation requirement
2. Quantitative limits
3. Subjective qualitative requirements
4. Objective qualitative requirements
C. Regulatory relief
1. Need for relief within the sandbox
2. Scope of relief
3. Non-waivable rules or standards
D. Additional safeguards and consumer protection
E. Cross-sectoral and international exportation
1. Sectoral distribution of financial supervision
2. Domestic scalability issues and territorial fragmentation of financial regulatory functions
3. International scalability issues
IV. Conclusion
Bibliography

Financial Inclusion of Refugees in Switzerland: An analysis of financial exclusion of refugees in Switzerland and how this issue can be tackled
Lea Hungerbühler
I. Introduction
II. Background
A. Definition of financial inclusion
B. International endeavors
C. Lack of attention in industrial countries, especially in Switzerland
D. Refugees in Switzerland
III. Offer of financial services by Swiss banks
A. Methodology and restrictions
B. Results
C. Interpretation
IV. Demand for financial services by refugees
A. Methodology and restrictions
B. Results
C. Interpretation
V. Intermediate conclusion: Gap between offer and demand
VI. Reasons for the gap between offer and demand
A. Regulatory restrictions
B. Economic reasons
C. Reputational concerns and historical reasons
D. Isolation of Switzerland within Europe
E. Reluctance on the demand side
VII. Implications of financial exclusion for persons concerned
VIII. Suggested solutions
A. Regulatory amendments
B. Federal strategy for financial inclusion
C. Increasing awareness with banks, society and refugees
D. Motivate innovative players
E. Further proposals
F. Intermediate conclusion
IX. Conclusion
References

Privacy and Data Governance Approaches in the US and the EU.
A Marketplace Lending Perspective on Technology, Financial Innovation and Civil Rights
José Manuel Martínez Sierra
Rodrigo Cetina Presuel
Manuel Jesús Martínez López
I. Introduction
II. Origins and Evolution of P2P Lending in Europe and the US
A. From P2P Lending to Marketplace Lending: a Dynamic Concept
B. Roles of Marketplaces (3Ps): Profiling, Pricing and Proposing Matches. Personal Data, Technology and Conflicting Interests
III. Privacy and Data Protection Considerations regarding Marketplace Lending Practices in the EU and the US
A. Specific Issues around Privacy and Data Protection in Marketplace Lending
B. Privacy and Data Protection Requirements for Marketplace Lending Platforms in the United States
C. Privacy and Data Protection Requirements for Marketplace Lending Platforms in the European Union. The Case of GDPR considerations in Marketplace Lending in the EU and the US: Technology as a Driver for Financial Innovation… and Discrimination?
A. Discriminatory Lending related to the Use of Big Data and Algorithms in Marketplace Lending in the United States
B. GDPR and Discriminatory Lending related to the Use of Big Data and Algorithms in Marketplace Lending in the EU
V. Conclusions

Bibliography

Blockchain, Fintech and the Law explores the exciting possibilities of new financial technologies, including, but not limited to the use of blockchain, and the regulatory and legal implications of Fintech from
different perspectives. This volume will be of interest to legal experts, law students and the general public looking to learn about various topics related to Fintech and its current regulatory realities, covering areas such as smart contracts and blockchain, Tryptocurrencies and AI-fueled markets, financial inclusion of refugees, as well as marketplace lending, money laundering or regulatory sandboxes. The book also alerts of the challenges to human rights that Fintech can pose, including breaches of privacy and personal data protection, as well as financial and banking excusion of vulnerable populations, discrimination and bias in marketplace lending and
other problems related to the use of technology for financial services. Each chapter contains works by current and former Harvard University Faculty and
Harvard Law School researchers as well as recent graduates from Harvard Law School?s LLM and JD programs. These legal scholars have converged through the Harvard European Law Association
and the Harvard Law School Blockchain and Fintech Initiative to deliver a work of reference for emerging topics in Fintech and blockchain regulation.

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